This is part of a special series, brought to you by the Standards for Excellence Institute, to provide nonprofit leaders with a brief nonprofit governance and management tip weekly over the course of 2020. We hope these short tips will be helpful to you and the nonprofits you serve. If you have suggestions for future topics, please forward these to acmadsen@standardsforexcellence.org.


This has been an exceedingly stressful time for people, a time of uncertainty and mixed messages and having to adapt to a new style of operations. For some, this pandemic has meant that operations have ceased; but, for many, your programs continue.

Your nonprofit’s revenue may be significantly lower for the next few months now that physical interaction is a safety hazard, and stay-at-home orders are in effect in many states. Nonprofit fundraisers and programming cannot proceed as anticipated, and many individuals are not able to work. Therefore, how you monitor, assess, and make use of your limited resources is critically important, and keeping track of your spending is even more so. The Standards for Excellence: An Ethics and Accountability Code for the Nonprofit Sector provides guidance here, stating: “Nonprofits should have written financial policies that are adequate for the size and complexity of the organization.  These policies should address investment of the assets of the organization, internal controls, purchasing, and unrestricted current net assets.”

Ideally, you already have a policy for internal controls and are continuing to make use of it in these challenging times. Of course, during the COVID-19 pandemic, many nonprofits, by necessity, are finding that they must modify or revise some of their internal controls processes (whether due to staffing changes, inability to work in the physical office, or other challenges experienced in the midst of the crisis).  Any modifications you are instituting in your practices should be carefully documented.  The Standards for Excellence Code recommends that the internal controls policies should be in writing and should be approved by the board, so appropriate steps should be taken to ensure approval by the board as it is practical.  (See our resource on Remote Board Meetings.) The following guidance from our resource packet on Internal Control and Finance Policies may be helpful to consider:

  • Nonprofits should segregate duties so that steps in recording transactions are not all assigned to a single person.
  • Nonprofits should limit access to passwords and physical media.
  • Nonprofits should have a regular process for archiving transactions regularly and starting out fresh with new financial records.
  • Nonprofits should have clearly written procedures for handling transactions (checklists that can be initialed after steps are completed can be helpful).
  • Nonprofits should use sequentially numbered forms and documents, and accounting for all numbers.
  • Nonprofits should take care to review procedures regularly and update them from time to time.

The Standards for Excellence educational packet on Internal Controls and Finance Policies includes helpful resources on what your Internal Control Policies should address, common misconceptions about why they are in place, and guidelines on what you should do.

We share our sincere wishes for your continued good health and patience as we all navigate these challenging and uncertain times.


The Standards for Excellence Institute has made their Administrative Policies Educational Packet, Guide to Remote Work, and Crisis and Disaster Planning Resources free during this time.

Members of Maryland Nonprofits have access to this and all 27 Standards for Excellence Educational Resource Packets through the member portal.

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