What Financial Information Should My Nonprofit Provide to the Board?
Board members are responsible for understanding the financial condition of their organization in order to fulfill their fiduciary obligations. The IRS Life Cycle states that “Directors are stewards of a charity’s financial and other resources. The IRS encourages the board … to ensure … funds are appropriately accounted for by regularly receiving and reviewing up-to-date financial statements and any auditor’s letters or finance and audit committee reports.”
Documents the board should receive include:
- Financial statements – These should be reviewed at least quarterly, and sometimes monthly depending on the size and complexity of the organization and when the board meets. These statements should include budget-to-actual for the organization’s income and expenses. If the organization has a finance committee, that committee might review the financial statements once a month, with the board reviewing them quarterly.
- Year-end audited financial statements – These would include: a statement of financial position or balance sheet; a statement of activities (also called a statement of revenue and expenses); a statement of changes in net assets; and a statement of cash flows
- RS Form 990 – This is a very important document and one that the IRS carefully peruses to ensure an organization is conducting itself as required of a designated 501(c)(3) organization. The public and funders have access to an organization’s Form 990, so its importance as a communication tool can’t be understated. The board should review the organization’s 990 or have a committee review it before it is filed.
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From the Standards for Excellence®: An Ethics and Accountability Code for the Nonprofit Sector. The Standards for Excellence code, developed by the Standards for Excellence Institute, includes specific benchmarks and measures that provide a structured approach to building capacity, accountability, and sustainability in your nonprofit organization. The code identifies 6 major areas of nonprofit governance and management: Mission, Strategy, and Evaluation; Leadership: Board, Staff, and Volunteers; Legal Compliance and Ethics; Finance and Operations; Resource Development and Fundraising; and Public Awareness, Engagement and Advocacy.
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